BOSWORTH ROAD: The Battle of Bosworth or Bosworth Field was an important battle during the Wars of the Roses in 15th century England. It was fought on 22 August 1485 between the Yorkist King Richard III, the last of the Plantagenet dynasty, and the Lancastrian contender for the crown, Henry Tudor, 2nd Earl of Richmond (later King Henry VII). It ended in the defeat and death of Richard and the establishment of the Tudor dynasty. Historically, the battle is considered to have marked the end of the Wars of the Roses.
GLOUCESTER ROAD: Richard III, the eleventh child of Richard, Duke of York, and Cecily Neville, was born in 1452. He was created third Duke of Gloucester at the coronation of his brother, Edward IV. Richard of Gloucester was crowned Richard III on July 6, 1483. He was the last of the Plantagenet dynasty, which had ruled England since 1154; and the last English king to die on the battlefield at Bosworth Field. He is credited with the responsibility for several murders including his nephews Edward and Richard (princes in the Tower)
KING EDWARD ROAD: Edward IV was born in 1442. He married Elizabeth Woodville in 1464, the widow of the Lancastrian Sir John Grey, who bore him ten children. Edward came to the throne through the efforts of his father; Richard Duke of York as his cousin Henry VI became increasingly less effective, Richard pressed the claim of the York family but was killed before he could ascend the throne: Edward deposed Henry after defeating the Lancastrians at Mortimer's Cross in 1461. Richard Neville, the Kingmaker, Earl of Warwick proclaimed Henry king once again in 1470, but less than a year elapsed when Edward reclaimed the crown and after winning the Battle of Barnet he had Henry executed in 1471.He also had his brother, George, Duke of Clarendon, murdered in 1478 on a charge of treason. His marriage to Elizabeth Woodville annoyed his councillors, and he allowed many of the great nobles to build large power bases in the provinces in return for their support. Edward died suddenly in 1483, leaving behind two sons five daughters, and a troubled kingdom.
LANCASTER ROAD: In the late 1400's the House of York fought the House of Lancaster for the English crown. Because Lancaster's heraldic badge was a red rose and York's was a white rose, the long conflict came to be known as the Wars of the Roses (1455 - 85). The wars started when the nobles of York rose against Henry VI of Lancaster who was a feeble ruler. Edward IV, of York, replaced Henry as king. Later, Henry again became king, but lost his crown once more to Edward after the battle of Tewkesbury in 1471.This battle was the month following the Battle of Barnet where Warwick (who had changed sides to the Lancastrians) was killed .The Yorkists held power until Richard II lost his throne to the Lancastrian Henry Tudor who into the House of York. This union ended the conflict.
Mowbray, 3rd Duke of Norfolk (1415-1461) was an important player in
the Wars of the Roses and he held the office of Earl Marshal from 1432,
when he inherited the title of3rd Duke of Norfolk. At the beginning
of the War of the Roses in 1450 he supported Richard, Duke of York,
the leader of the Yorkist faction. However, in 1459, he swore allegiance
to the Lancastrian Henry VI. He then quickly changed sides back to the
Yorkists. This sort of treachery was by no means unusual during the
Roses. In February 1461 he fought for the defeated Yorkists in the Second
Battle of St Albans. In March 1461 (Richard, Duke of York now being
dead) he was one of those who asked the Duke's son the Earl of March
to become Edward IV and later that month his intervention at the Battle
of Towton was decisive. As Earl Marshal Mowbray he then officiated at
Edward IV's coronation.
WARWICK ROAD: Commonly known as the 'Kingmaker: Richard Neville was the eldest son of his namesake. Richard Neville, 5th Earl of Salisbury The Earl of Salisbury 's sister was married to the Royal claimant. the Duke of York. He became a great supporter of the Yorkist cause and became adviser and friend to. Edward IV. He soon became the second richest and second most powerful person in the land after the king. But this friendship was to end when Edward married Elizabeth Woodville and, the favours. which he showered on her relations, soon roused the jealousy of the Earl This falling out led to Warwick joining the enemy forces of the Lancastrians and in April 1471 he found himself in charge of the Lancastrian army as they faced theYorkists and his old friend at the Battle of Barnet. He is reported to have been slain somewhere near the Hadley Highstone.
WOODVILLE ROAD: Wife of Edward IV, mother of Elizabeth of York and therefore maternal grandmother of Henry VIII. Her first marriage was to Sir John Grey (by whom she had two sons) who died and left her a widow. She then married King Edward IV and bore him as many as 11 children. Even though her daughter became Henry VII's queen, she may have been involved in a treasonous plot against the king, and was deprived of her dower (1487) and retired to Bermondsey Abbey.
If you want to know more about the street names of Barnet READ “Barnet in its street names” by Doreen Wilcox, available from Barnet Museum